Building and Walls
UNIFORM BUILDING BY-LAWS 1984 ARRANGEMENT OF BY-LAWS PART I PRELIMINARY By-law 1 . Citation 2. Interpretation PART II SUBMISSION OF PLANS FOR APPROVAL 3. Submission of plans for approval 4. Return of plan 5. Supervision of work 6. Plans to be signed 7. Withdrawal or change of qualified person 8. Plans to be deposited in triplicate 9. Scale of plans 10. Plans required 11. Exemption from by-law 10 12. Sketch plans for approval in principle 13. Special permission to commence building operations 14. Plans of alterations 15. Specification 16. Details and calculations of structural plans 17.
Power of local authority to reject structural plans and calculations 18. Permits 19. Temporary permits 20. Advertisement Hoarding 21 . Materials not to be deposited in a street without permission 22. Notice of commencement or resumption of building operations 23. Notice of completion of setting out 24. Notice of completion of excavation for foundation 25. Certificate of fitness for occupation 26. Temporary certificate of fitness for occupation 27. Partial certificate of fitness for occupation 28. Offence under the Act 29. Fees for consideration of plans and for permits PART Ill SPACE. LIGHT AND VENTILATION 0.
Open spaces to be provided 32. Space about buildings abutting a street and a back lane 33. Space about buildings on lots abutting a street and having no back lane 34. Space about detached buildings 35. Access from a street 36. Splayed corners 37. Projections over the street and over the building line 38. Width of footway 39. Natural lighting and ventilation 40. Air-wells 41 . Mechanical ventilation and air-conditioning 42. Minimum area of rooms in residential buildings 43. Minimum dimensions of latrines, water-closets and bathrooms 44. Height of rooms in residential buildings, shophouses, schools, etc. 5.
Places of public resorts 46. Heights of rooms in buildings 47. Project longs over verandah-way PART TEMPORARY WORKS IN CONNECTION WITH BUILDING OPERATIONS 48. Commencement of building operation 49. Responsibility of persons granted temporary permits 50. Cancellation of temporary permits 51 . Vehicular access to site 52. Rising mains to be installed progressively PART V STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS 53. Building materials 54. General requirements of loading 55. Dead and imposed loads 56. Dead loads calculated from weights of materials used 57. Weight of partitions 58. Contents of tanks and other receptacles 9.
Imposed floor loads 60. Mechanical stacking 61 . Imposed loads on ceilings, skylights and similar structures 62. Reduction in total imposed floor loads 63. Imposed roof loads 64. Curved roofs 65. Roof coverings 66. Internal suspended loads on primary structural members 67. Amount of suspended load 68. Dynamic loading 69. Crane gantry girders 70. Parapets and balustrades 71 . Vehicle barriers for car parks 73. Foundations 74. Foundations of buildings not exceeding four storeys 75. Reinforced concrete foundations 76. Strip foundations 77. Brick footings 78. Foundations below invert of drains 79.
Foundations under external and party walls 80. Structure above foundations PART VI CONSTRUCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS 81. Building site 82. Drainage of subsoil 83. Protection against soil erosion, etc. 84. Prevention of dampness 85. Nominal thickness of walls 86. Party walls 87. Openings in party walls 88. Recesses 89. Chases 90. Underpinning 91 . Coping, etc. to be impervious 92. Projections in brickwork 93. Measurement of the length of a wall 94. Use of 100 millimetre brickwork and concrete blocks in loadbearing walls 95. External panel walls 96. Non load-bearing partitions 97. Timbers built into party walls 8.
Fences and boundary walls 99. Cooking facilities in residential buildings 100. Cooking facilities in quarters 101 . Boilers, fireplaces, forges and incinerators in factories 102. Combustible materials adjoining smoke flues Timber floors 103. 104. Bearing of Joists Space below floors to be ventilated 105. 106. Dimensions of staircases Handrails 107. 108. Maximum flights 109. Winders No obstructions in staircases 110. Lighting and ventilation of staircases 111. Enclosure of staircases in a shop 112. Use of timber staircases 113. Timber roofs 114. 116. Accessible flat roofs, balconies, etc. 117.
Access to roof space 118. Refuse chutes and alternate means for disposal of refuse 119. Change of use of building Design and construction of refuse chutes 120. Requirements for refuse receptacle chambers 121. 122. Access to refuse receptacle chambers 123. Pipes and service ducts 124. Lifts Swimming pools 125. Steps and footway 126. Openings into swimming pool 127. Depth of water 128. Location of driving boards 129. 130. Changing rooms Foot-bath and shower 131. Private, residential swimming pools 132. PART vil FIRE REQUIREMENTS 133. Interpretation 134. Designation of purpose groups 135. Rules of measurement 136.
Provision of compartment walls and compartment floors 137. Floor in building exceeding 30 metres in height to be constructed as compartment floor 138. Other walls and floors to be constructed as compartment walls or compartment floors 139. Separation of fire risk areas 140. Fire appliance access Separating walls 141. External walls 142. Beam or column 143. 144. Cladding on external wall Reference to Sixth Schedule 145. 146. Relevant boundary Construction of separating walls 147. 148. Special requirements as to compartment walls and compartment floors 149. Horizontal and vertical barriers at the external walls 150.
Protected shafts 151 . Ventilation to lift shafts 152. Openings in lift shafts 153. Smoke detectors for lift lobbies 154. Emergency mode of operation in the event of mains power failure 155. Fire mode of operation 156. Protected shafts as ventilating duct 158. Stages in places of assembly 159. Open stages 160. Fire precaution in air-conditioning systems 161 . Fire-stopping Fire doors in compartment walls and separating walls 162. 163. Half hour and one hour doors 164. Door closers for fire doors Measurement of travel distance to exits 165. 166. Exits to be accessible at all times 167. Storey exits 168. Staircases 69.
Exit route Egress through unenclosed openings 170. . Horizontal exits 171 172. Emergency exit signs Exit doors 173. Arrangement of storey exits 174. Calculation of occupant load 175. Computing storey exit widths 176. 177. Computing number of staircases and staircase widths Exits for institutional and other places of assembly 178. Classification of places of assembly 179. 180. Spaced standards for calculating occupancy loads . Width of means of egress 181 Rate of discharge 182. 183. Exit details for places of assembly 184. Seating Gangways in places of assembly 185. Exit doors in places of assembly 186.
Notice affixed to door of gate 187. 188. Travel distance in places of assembly Enclosing means of escape in certain buildings 189. 190. External staircase Openings in adjacent walls not permitted 191. Moving walks 192. Power operated door as means of agrees 193. 194. Building with single staircase Staircases to reach roof level 195. 196. Smoke lobbies Protected lobbies 197. Ventilation of staircase enclosures 198. 199. Ventilation of staircase enclosures in buildings not exceeding 18 metres 200. Ventilation of staircase enclosures in buildings exceeding 18 metres 201. Staircase 202. Pressurized system for staircase 203.
Restriction of spread of flame 204. Classification of restriction of flame over surfaces of walls and ceilings 205. Classification of interior finish materials 206. Classification of surface of wall or ceiling Exceptions relating to ceilings 207. 208. Reference to roofs 209. Reference to buildings Construction of roofs 210. . Roofing materials 211 Category designation for fire penetration and spread of flame on roof surface 212. 213. Fire resistance Additional requirements 214. Height of buildings 215. Single storey buildings 216. Fire resistance of structural member 217. Compartment wall separating flats and maisonnette 18.
Application of these By-laws to floors 219. 220. Floor area and capacity of buildings and compartments 221. Test of fire resistance 222. Fire resistance for walls 223. Fire resistance for floors above ground floor 224. Fire resistance for any element of structure PART vill FIRE ALARMS, FIRE DETECTION, FIRE EXTINGUISHMENT AND FIRE FIGHTING ACCESS 225. Detecting and extinguishing fire 226. Automatic system for hazardous occupancy 227. Portable extinguishes 228. Sprinkler valves 229. Means of access and fire fighting in buildings over 18. 3 metres high 230. Installation and testing of dry rising system 231.
Installation and testing of wet rising system 232. Wet or dry rising system for buildings under construction 233. Foam inlets 234. Underground structures and windowless buildings to have foam inlets 235. Fixed installations 236. Special hazards 237. Fire alarms 238. Command and control centre 239. Voice communication system 240. Electrical isolating switch Special requirements for fire alarm systems 241. Fire fighting access lobbies 242. 243. Fire lifts Approval of D. G. F. S. 245. 246. Certification on completion 247. Water storage 248. Marking on wet riser, etc. Smoke and heat venting 249. 250.
Natural draught smoke vent Smoke vents to be adequate to prevent dangerous accumulation of smoke 252. 251 Smoke vents to be openable by Fire Authority 253. Emergency power system MISCELLANEOUS 254. Buildings to which Parts VII and VIII apply 255. Power of local authority to extend period, etc. 256. Buildings exempted 257. Malaysian Standard Specification and Code of Practice to prevail over British Standard Specification and Code of Practice 258. Failure to Buildings FIRST SCHEDULE. SECOND SCHEDULE. THIRD SCHEDULE. FOURTH SCHEDULE. FIFTH SCHEDULE. SIXTH SCHEDULE. SEVENTH SCHEDULE. EIGHT SCHEDULE. NINTH SCHEDULE. TENTH SCHEDULE.