Economic losses to disasters in Asia and the Pacific could exceed US$160 billion annually by 2030, the United Nations development arm in the region has warned, urging greater innovation in disaster risk financing.
The need is all the more pressing given that only 8% of region’s losses are insured, said the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
“The time for establishing solutions to these complex emerging challenges is now,” underlined Shamshad Akhtar, the Executive Secretary of ESCAP, speaking at an event on financing for disaster risk reduction in Asia-Pacific at the UN Headquarters, in New York.
The low insurance coverage has persisted in the region even though it has suffered nearly US$1.3 trillion in losses over the last 50 years.
The result is that individuals, businesses and Governments are left to bear the staggering costs of natural calamities. And with extreme weather events increasing as the region’s cities become more crowded, the gap could widen.
“Business as usual is unsustainable […] policy makers and financial strategists in both the public and private sectors have to work together,” said the head of ESCAP.
In her remarks, Ms. Akhtar outlined the opportunities offered by recent innovations such as catastrophe risk modelling, parametric insurance, a mix of traditional and global financial reinsurance, and concessional insurance.
She also highlighted the role ESCAP – which spans a geographic region from Turkey in the west to the tiny Pacific island of Kiribati in the east, and from Russia in the north to New Zealand in the south – could play.
“The provision of a regional platform for building capacity as well as mutual trust among countries is the key to successful sovereign risk pooling [and] ESCAP, whose primary mandate is regional cooperation, is well suited for this role,” said Ms. Akhtar.
Speaking alongside Ms. Akhtar, Mami Mizutori, Head of the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), highlighted the importance of both disaster risk financing and resources to reduce disaster risk to ensure resilient and sustainable development.
“At present, we need both […] Let’s face it: when natural hazards hit, without these mechanisms, we cannot cope with the aftermath,” she said.
Ms. Mizutori, who is also the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction, also highlighted the importance national strategies to strengthen resilience and mitigate natural hazard risks, a call made in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.