Florence Nightingale “The Lady with the Lamp”, the soldiers referred to her as during the Crimean War, as she made rounds in the dark checking on the wounded. Florence Nightingale became the founder of modern nursing practices, reformed the British military health care system, and reformed hospitals sanitation methods. Nightingale saw her purpose and mission in life on a large scale. She wanted to serve humanity by preventing the many needless deaths and illnesses that occurred. With the fierce passion to pursue her mission in life.
Nightingale not only accomplished the revention of needless deaths, she also founded the, “Polar-Area Diagram”. She called the diagram “coxcombs” and used them to chart and measure the occurrence of all the deaths during the Crimean War. Mortality rates peaked in January of 1855 at the British hospital Nightingale worked. That January She documented 3,168 deaths using a chart method equivalent to what is known in modern day as the, Circular Histogram. Nightingale is primarily remembered for her contribution in implementing a sanitation policy for hospitals and her nursing career.
Through her rive and determination of healthcare she also became the founder of the, “Polar Area Diagram” adding graphical representation of statistics in the mathematical field. As if these accomplishments alone are not enough, she was also an important link in the study of English feminism and wrote several books on the topic. Florence Nightingale was an accomplished female in history and received numerous honors, awards, and praise throughout her life. Florence Nightingale was born May 12, 1820 in Florence, Italy.
She was named after the city of her birth. She was born to her ather William Edward Nightingale and his wife Frances Smith as they toured Europe the first couple of years of their marriage. Florence had one sibling, sister named Parthenon, after the Greek city she was born in the previous year. Early education of Parthenon and Florence was conducted by the governesses. Later there father who was a Cambridge graduate, took on the responsibility himself. From a young age Florence loved her studies and exhibited a gift for mathematics.
Although William had bequeathed this love of mathematics to his daughter, he encourage her to ecome more acquainted with subjects more appropriated for women. Frances did not approve of Florence’s devotion and drive to further her education in mathematics. After numerous battles with her parents, they agreed to allow her continued studies in Mathematics with tutors. Her tutors included Sylvester, who developed the theory of invariants with Carley. Florence is said to be Sylvester’s most distinguished pupil.
It was apparent that Florence’s interest in mathematics extended beyond the subject matter. Another person who influenced Nightingale was the ields, including moral statistics or social sciences. Considering that, most Victorian women of her age group did not attend universities or pursue professional careers. Nightingale would undergo the first of many experiences she believed were her calling from God in February 1837. Holding a strong desire to devote her life to the service of others, she rebelled against the role for a woman of her status to become a wife and mother.
At the age of 29, she decided to study the hospital systems and began training in Egypt at the Institute of Saint Vincent DE Paul and later in Germany at the Institute or Protestant Deaconesses during the Crimean War. Nightingales focus was on the soldiers and the unsanitary conditions the soldiers were being operated and treated on. She noted incidents of many preventable deaths based primarily on the lack of sanitary conditions. In fact, she discovered that more soldiers were dying from dysentery, cholera, and typhus caught in the hospital then injuries on the battlefields.
Shocked by the statistics Nightingale decided she would spend the next four years dedicated to documenting and reforming the sanitation methods to prevent unnecessary deaths. This led Nightingale to the discovery of the Polar area diagram, equivalent to modern circular histogram to dramatize all the needless deaths caused from the unsanitary conditions during the Crimean War. With her analysis, Florence revolutionized the idea that social phenomena could be objectively measured and subjected to mathematical analysis.
This was the start of a respectable and responsibility of new discoveries, training, educating, and dedicating herself to humanity, Just as she said she would. Florence Nightingale was a matriarch of the 19th century with the heroic ssistance of life in the war, mathematical discoveries and diagrams, as well as a prodigious and versatile writing and support of the feminine movement. With all these accomplishments in her life time, no wonder Florence has received multiple awards and honors.
In 1960, the foundation of professional nursing with the establishment of her nursing school located at St. Thomas’ Hospital in London. It was the first secular nursing school and still operates after 150 years, now is part of Kings College London. The pledge taken by every new nurse is called the, The Nightingale Pledge, in honor of Florence. The International Nurses Day is celebrated every year on Florence’s birthday to honor her accomplishments. She also assisted in popularize the graphical presentation of statistical data.
Florence Nightingale has been honored many times from the medical community as well as the mathematical community. Located in the St. Thomas Hospital is an official museum devoted entirely to her life. In 1859, Nightingale was elected the first female member of the Royal Statistical Society and later on became an honorary member of the American Statistical Association. The Royal Red Cross honored Florence in 1883, which was very prestige for a woman in the error to receive.
Once again, she was awarded the British Order of Merit and the first female recipient to achieve it. Queen Victoria awarded Nightingale the Jewel medallion for her service to the soldiers in the Crimean War. Besides all these honors Florence Nightingale has several hospitals named after her, nursing brochures bare her picture on them, along with many advertisements of medical products to commercials still utilize the honorable woman’s name. anitary conditions in military hospitals during the Crimean War.
What is less known about her is her love of mathematics and her creation of the, “Polar Area Diagram” or “coxcombs” as she often referred to them as. From 1857 until her passing, Florence Nightingale was mostly bedridden from an extreme form of brucellosis. Even this did not stop her contributions to the medical and mathematical fields. She continued to write 200 books, columns, and pamphlets. Florence Nightingale passed in her sleep at the age of ninety. She never wed and felt that her work was a calling from God.