Girl with Doves and Dionysos and Retinue
Gibson December 2, 2009 In ancient Roman and Greek cultures it is evident that many sculptures were utilized to honor the deceased. Funerary art such as the Greek Grave Stele of a Little Girl and the Roman Triumph of Dionysus and the Seasons Sarcophagus are deeply connected by the purpose and medium of which the sculptures were created yet dissimilar in the style and themes portrayed. The Grave Stele off Little Girl depicts a young girl in profile standing with her left foot in front of her right.
This piece is a low-relief sculpture carved in marble in which the depth of the image is relatively shallow. Along with the position of her feet her stomach is pushed forward and her shoulders rest behind the bulk of her body creating an arch in her back. The position of her limbs, in which her left foot is bent in front of the right, and the arch in her back create a contraption stance typical of historical Grecian works. This stance gives form to a relaxed and reflective scene in which the young girl is holding two birds, seemingly doves.
The little girl’s left hand is in an upright position acting as a base or one of the doves to stand on and her right hand is in an upward position as if she is petting the bird in an affectionate manner with a relaxed and stretched forefinger. Her deeply carved eyes are staring down at the bird perched on her left hand, whereas her right hand and forearm are delicately clinging the second bird towards her body. The dove adjacent to her body is facing her head in which the beak of the dove is touching the young girls lips. The girl’s hair is loosely carved to depict light waves and curls that lay effortlessly on her head.
Half of her hair is pulled into a tight bun at the back of her head, whereas the bottom half is loosely draped along the back of her neck. She is wearing a moor length Peoples Tanat Is rape Trot near consolers. I née Peoples covers near entire body except for her arms, neck, and head. The garment is sparingly carved to depict the folds of the fabric only in between her legs and behind her shoulders and back. However, the fabric covering the front of her legs and the front of her torso is clinging to her body almost as if the fabric were wet. Grave Stele of a Little Girl is an Archaic
Grecian sculpture created in 450-440 B. C. That served as a funerary piece honoring the girl in which it features. The Archaic style is clearly represented by her unemotional facial expression and reflective tone. The little girl is illustrated in a narrative scene depicting a poignant image of sweetness and serenity between the young girl and two doves. Most likely this theme would have captured the young girls essence, as she was when she once lived. It is evident that this piece is reflective in nature and was created in order to honor the deceased female in a respectable and eighties attitude.
On the other hand, Triumph of Dionysus and the Seasons Sarcophagus, ca 260-270, is an incredibly ornate funerary marble sculpture carved in high relief due to the prominently rounded images. Unlike the more simplistic Grave Stele of a Little Girl, this sarcophagus is highly embellished and was more likely made to serve as an ostentatious piece to honor an aristocratic person of ancient Roman times. Instead depicting the dead, this piece is geared towards reflecting a narrative scene of the polytheistic gods in which ancient Roman culture worshipped.
The front ND sides of the sarcophagus are decorated with forty human and animal figures. The central figure on the front of the sarcophagus is that of the god Dionysus seated on a panther overshadowed by four larger standing figures to represent the four Seasons (from left to right, Winter, Spring, Summer, and Fall). L The seasons are represented by four youthful looking men each presenting a specific item to symbolize each time of year. The men are draped with a small cloth covering their right shoulders and upper portion of their bodies that is pinned at the left shoulder by what seems to be a piece of Jewelry.
Each character’s muscles are carved with a distinct sense of flesh illustrated by the roundness of the hips and lower belly. Each man is standing in contraptionвЂ?the two figures on the left have their left leg stretched with most weight on their right leg, whereas the two on the right have the opposite stance. The angle and position of their legs as well as the course of their glares give direction towards Dionysus as the focal point. Dionysus is leaning upright and sitting on the lion type figure with his right knee up and his left leg resting across the torso of the animal.
A cloth covers his lower body and is gathered around his left wrist. There is a definite sense of realistic draping in the fabric in both Dominion’s skirt as well as the young men’s shawls. In Dionysus left arm he holds a spear and is gazing in the direction of the panther’s face. Dionysus was the god of fertility, vegetation, peace, and hospitality, and had followers of goodish satyrs and their female companions, the nymphs and maenad who were given to orgiastic excess. 2 Surrounding these five central figures are what seems to be Dominion’s followers carved at a much smaller scale.
To the immediate left of Dionysus is a hybrid figure depicting both man and goat. At the bottom of the sarcophagus and at the feet of Dionysus are completely naked men carved at a smaller scale of about an eighth of the size of the central figures. Accompanying these naked men are goats and additional symbolic seasonal items such as plants, mowers, animals, Ana T It Is notable Tanat Don places are marble sculptures Tanat operate distinctly as funerary art. They are connected by the purpose in which they were createdвЂ?to honor the dead. However they differ in theme and images portrayed.
The Grave Stele of a Little Girl is a serene image of a young girl who passed. It is an image of peace that is not so much depicted in the Triumph of Dionysus and the Seasons Sarcophagus. The Sarcophagus differs in that it is an image of the cycle of life created and ruled by the polytheistic gods the Romans once worshipped. The Sarcophagus represents life in its many stages and abstractly represents the ongoing and lavish life of the dead that the Sarcophagus once obtained through the myth of Dionysus. Along with the theme of the Sarcophagus it is much more ornate and dynamic in image and style than the Grave Stele of a Little Girl.